US-China commerce uncertainty is 'the enemy of development,' OECD warns because it slashes forecasts


U.S. President Donald Trump and China’s President Xi Jinping leave a business leaders event at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing on November 9, 2017.

Nicolas Asfouri | AFP | Getty Images

Trade tensions between the U.S. and China stalled a global recovery and are continuing to endanger investment and growth, the secretary general of the OECD warned Monday.

“We were in the middle of a recovery when all these decisions about trade started and not only did it stifle the recovery, it basically has produced the slowdown and the potential for greater damage is still there,” Angel Gurria told CNBC.

“Everybody is betting today… on a deal between China and the U.S. but the problem is that on the face of it the tensions are getting greater and, second, the problem – the spillover effect of this tension – is becoming more and more evident,” he told CNBC’s Joumanna Bercetche at the start of the OECD’s Spring Forum in Paris.

Gurria said trade tensions were impacting growth and investment and had made the OECD shave almost 1% of its own global growth predictions in the last 12 months. A year ago, it predicted 3.9% growth in 2019, now it is forecasting 3.1%. It is due to release its latest economic outlook Tuesday.

“Uncertainty is the greatest enemy of growth and when you don’t have investment because of trade uncertainties, then of course as a rule of thumb, growth will come down and this is what’s happened in a relatively short period of time. It’s really a very bad scene today, it’s a very great source of concern,” he said.

“Why do you invest? You invest to produce, to sell, to get a reasonable profit. But if you do not know if you’re going to have access to the market, you don’t know what tariff you’re going (to face) or whether there will be access at all, then what you do then if you’re a responsible investor is that you hold back, if you’re a responsible consumer you hold back,” Gurria said.

“Investment is the seed of the growth of tomorrow and this is why, after a short period of time, we’ve had this enormous cut in the projections of growth going forward.”



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